Krakow wasn't bombed during the war, and the old city is still pretty well intact, unlike Warsaw, for instance. Over the centuries, Poland was invaded repeatedly by other countries. In the early 20th century, there was complete religious freedom and tolerance, which is why such a large Jewish community grew up, to be devastated by the invasion by Germany under Hitler.
The city was built on the bank of the Vistula, or Wisla River. The old city was all one one side of the river. This is the view from outside Wawel castle.
The cathedral is right next to the castle entrance.
The courtyard is built in the Italian Renaissance style.
We visited the Jewish quarter. These pictures were taken in the main square.
I didn't see any litter at all, but the roads were frequently swept by men with besoms.
There used to be many synagogues, all close together, each catering for a different branch of Judaism. The first two pictures are of former synagogues, the third is the sole remaining one.
You cannot help but be aware of the history of this place.
Some buildings still await renovation. It seems odd to me that all the windows open inside.
This is the oldest building in the area.
After this, we walked around the Old City, including the main square.